A cleft is a birth defect. Babies are born with an opening in the lip and roof of the mouth (palate). Bones and tissues of babies’ upper jaw, nose and mouth normally fuse to form the roof of the mouth or upper pallet during pregnancy. Cleft may look as a small opening in the upper lip or can be extended up to nose. Cleft might also extend into gums and affect the soft palate near the back of the throat.
Cosmetic surgeons perform cleft palate surgery of babies when they are 3-6 months old. After administering general anesthesia, surgeons use special procedures like lip adhesion or a molding plate device to bring the parts of lips closer together, before it is repaired completely. This surgery might leave a scar on the lip under the nose.
At the age of 9-12 months cosmetic surgeons repair the cleft palate by connecting the muscles of the soft palate and rearranging the tissues to close the cleft. This surgery is performed administering general anesthesia and might require a short stay in hospital for recovery and healing.
If a patient is not satisfied with the results of a nose job, surgeons can suggest going for a revision rhinoplasty after waiting for sufficient period to evaluate the results of earlier surgery. Usually a patient is asked to wait for at least a year for healing the scars.
This procedure might be different for every patient depending on the specific area of the nose to be treated and amount of amendment expected. Surgeons perform revision rhinoplasty administering general anesthesia, local anesthesia or sedation. This takes usually longer periods than primary rhinoplasty.
Surgeons try to recreate the symmetry of nose by adding or removing cartilage. This helps in opening the airway and achieving better shape of nose. Surgeons usually take incisions inside the nostrils and perform the reshaping of specific part of nose.
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Removal of excess Cheek Fat by Cheek reduction and Increase in Cheek Volume through Cheek Augmentation
Proper proportion of shape and volume of cheeks is essential to have a better facial appearance. Some people might have abnormally grown fatty, bouncy cheeks that do not match in proportion with other facial parts. Excess fat deposits on cheek can lead to an odd look. On the contrary some people might have a flat face. There might not be proper amount of volume and contour to their cheeks. This is also problematic as far as better facial appearance is concerned.
In order to gain the proper volume and contour to flat or dumpy cheeks cosmetic surgeons perform cheek augmentation. This is a cosmetic surgical procedure that adds the necessary amount of volume to cheek area by placing suitable implants.
There can be various techniques that the expert cosmetic surgeons might use to increase the volume of cheek area substantially.
As a result patients would get increased volume of cheeks that would be in a proper proportion with other facial parts. This procedure can completely change the way a person looks by allowing him/her to get fuller, plump cheeks.
For reducing the overall shape and volume of cheeks cosmetic surgeons perform cheek reduction. This procedure is clinically known as Buccal fat removal. These are fat pads that are deposited in lower areas of cheek. These fat pads create a chubby appearance of cheeks that are not in proportion with other facial parts.
Surgeons administer local anesthesia in order to numb the particular part for pain relief. They take smaller incisions inside the face usually between the gums and cheeks. This provides them required access for removal of Buccal fat pads. They skillfully apply external pressure on the cheek bone so that the excess fat deposit on lower cheek area would gradually come out through the incisions made. Finally surgeons take out the protruded fat with surgical tools and stitch the incisions.
Thus patients would have reduced cheek contours in proper proportion with other facial parts and an all new look.
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Facial skin can lose its tightness and texture due to various reasons. There might be visible signs of ageing such as lines and wrinkles, and sagging and inelastic skin on facial parts due to reasons such as weight fluctuation and heredity.
Cosmetic surgeons can perform facelift surgery in order to tighten the facial skin and patients would have much younger appearance, asymmetry of facial contours and a supple and plump looking skin as the result of this surgical treatment.
There cannot be a single standard procedure for all the patients. During the consulting session surgeons thoroughly study the facial structure and overlying skin patterns of a particular patient and design a surgical procedure for partial or complete facelift undertaking different surgical techniques and procedures in order to lift the facial skin, tighten it and fix it by stitches.
Usually, after deciding the particular area to be treated, surgeons take incisions below ears along the natural lines so that the scars of stitches would be least visible after the surgery. They use special surgical tools for lifting underlying muscular structure and removal of excess fat tissues. Depending on the amount of sagging skin surgeons adapt various procedures for facelift.
If the amount of sagging skin is less and if it is required to lift the muscle structure, they use endoscopic method in which they insert a small camera to view the underlying structure through a small incision and they insert surgical tools from two other small incisions for cutting excess fat tissue and lifting the muscle structure to get the desired contour. Overlying sagging skin is stretched and after trimming out additional skin they will stitch the incisions.
In another procedure known as cutaneous facelift they take a long incision along the natural hair line. They lift the entire facial skin, stretch it and place it higher up so that all the wrinkles and sagging skin would almost disappear. This procedure involves less risk as there will be no alteration to muscle structure and veins and nerves.
SMAS facelift is a procedure used to tighten the muscle structure and removal of excessive skin.
Facelift surgery cost depends on the amount of sagging and inelastic skin, procedure adapted for the surgery and experience of the surgeon.
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